Ein Gärtner bescheidet die Zitruspflanzen an Orangerie Belvedere.


During its most productive phase, the Belvedere orangery was home to hundreds of Seville orange trees. Pomegranates, figs and coffee trees were also cultivated there. The builder of the castle, Duke Ernst August, spent exorbitant amounts of money on exotic plants and even constructed an orangery which, at that time, symbolised the importance and wealth of his Baroque court.

The ensemble as it exists today was completed in the mid-18th century. The complex includes the gardener’s house, the orangery wing, the adjoining New and Long House behind it, and the Red Tower. Thanks to Duke Carl August’s and Goethe’s shared passion for botany, some of the most recently discovered exotic plant specimens from around the world found their way into the plant collection. Belvedere was especially famous for its collection of so-called “Cape plants” and “New Hollands”, i.e. plants from South Africa and Australia. Some 7,900 species and varieties of plants were listed in the plant collection catalogue “Hortus Belvedereanus” of 1820.

In the winter and spring, visitors can view temporary exhibitions on the impressive plant collection in the Long House. A small exhibition inside the gardener’s house highlights the gardening culture at Belvedere.

Projects of the Klassik Stiftung Weimar are funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Free State of Thuringia, represented by the State Chancellery of Thuringia, Department of Culture and the Arts.

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